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Drug-resistant bacterial infections on the rise in American children

Drug-resistant bacterial infections on the rise in American children

An antibiotic-resistant type of Gram-negative bacteria is infecting an increasing number of children in the US, researchers report in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

These findings come at a time when the issue of drug-resistant bacteria is at the forefront of public health concerns. In late 2013, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a report that provided the first snapshot of the toll and threat such «superbugs» pose to US health.

In that report, the CDC cited use of antibiotics as the single biggest cause of drug-resistant bacteria, sugges...

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Low protein intake in infancy reduces childhood obesity risk

Low protein intake in infancy reduces childhood obesity risk

Results of a European study to be presented at an international conference this week have revealed that a low intake of protein during infancy can reduce a child’s risk of becoming obese by the time they go to school.

The paper «Lower protein content in infant formula reduces BMI and obesity risk at school age» is now published on-line on the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (AJCN) and the print publication later this month and was presented at the international ‘The Power of Programming’ Conference at LMU in Munich 13-15 March 2014).

The research has been supported within the EC f...

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Increased adiposity and reduced physical activity in children: Cause or effect?

Increased adiposity and reduced physical activity in children: Cause or effect?

Increased adiposity is likely to cause reduced physical activity in children, according to research published in this week’s PLOS Medicine. The results of the study, conducted by Rebecca Richmond and colleagues from the MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol, UK, suggest that promoting weight loss in overweight and obese children might also increase childhood activity levels.

Previous studies have shown an association between low physical activity and higher body mass index (BMI) in children but were not able to determine whether childhood adiposity influences physical...

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Researchers develop a new system to aid cardiovascular risk diagnosis

Researchers develop a new system to aid cardiovascular risk diagnosis

Researchers from the Universitat Politècnica de València, the Hospital General de Valencia and the Ophthalmology Unit of the Foundation for the Health and Biomedical Research of the Comunitat Valenciana (FISABIO-Oftalmología Médica) have developed a new software to aid cardiovascular risk diagnosis based on fundus image processing. The Paediatrics Unit of the Hospital General de Valencia has incorporated this software in a study of cardiovascular characteristics.

The application makes it easier to measure the vessels and it allows clinical staff to have more uniform information...

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Possible association between soy formula and seizures in children with autism

Possible association between soy formula and seizures in children with autism

A University of Wisconsin-Madison researcher has detected a higher rate of seizures among children with autism who were fed infant formula containing soy protein rather than milk protein.

The study found excess seizures among girls and in the total sample of 1,949 children. The soy-seizure link reached borderline significance among boys, who comprised 87 percent of the children described in the database under study.

Seizures — caused by uncontrolled electrical currents in the brain — occur in many neurological disorders includingepilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, Down syndrome and autism.

About...

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Safe drinking water could reduce school sick days in developing countries

Safe drinking water could reduce school sick days in developing countries

Research published today shows that schools providing clean water report fewer children off sick. It is the first study to investigate whether providing drinking water in schools can reduce absenteeism.

Researchers looked at absentee rates in eight schools in Cambodia — half of which received treated drinking water, and half of which did not. The 26-week study period spanned two terms — one in the country’s dry season and one in the wet season. The absentee records of 3520 children were taken into account.

They found that during the dry period, children without access to clean water were about...

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A child’s weight problem goes unnoticed by parents

A child’s weight problem goes unnoticed by parents

One out of two parents of children who are overweight feel that their child’s weight is normal. Four out of ten parents of children who are overweight or obese are even worried that their child will get too thin. These are the findings of a European study of parents of more than 16,000 children, including 1,800 children from Sweden.

Susann Regber has worked for many years with children with obesity as a pediatric nurse. In her dissertation at Sahlgrenska Academy, she studied the parents’ role in the health-promoting and disease-prevention work against child obesity in young children.

The res...

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Text-messaging program good option for keeping teen girls healthy

Text-messaging program good option for keeping teen girls healthy

Megan Ranney, MD, MPH, an emergency medicine attending physician at Hasbro Children’s Hospital, recently led a study that found a text-message program may be an effective violence prevention tool for at-risk teen girls. The study has been published online in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

«Mobile health, or ‘mHealth,’ is increasingly being used as a way to improve people’s health, via text-messaging or phone-based applications,» said Ranney...

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Gut microbiota networks may influence autoimmune processes in type 1 diabetes

Gut microbiota networks may influence autoimmune processes in type 1 diabetes

The interactions of the gut microbiota in children with typical diabetes autoantibodies differ from that in healthy children. The fact that these differences already exist before antibodies are detectable in the blood adds to the growing evidence that microbial DNA, the so-called microbiome, may be involved in the development of autoimmune processes. Scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum München have published their findings in the specialist journal Diabetes.

As part of the BABYDIET study, the scientists compared the composition and interaction of the gut microbiota in children who went o...

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Antibiotics versus the gut microbiota

Antibiotics versus the gut microbiota

Antibiotics are valuable, potentially life-saving tools that have significantly reduced human morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, antibiotics may also have unintended consequences from their off-target effects that may increase the risk of many long-term conditions. Recent epidemiologic studies have detected a possible link between antibiotic use in childhood and weight gain1 — with disruption to the normal gut microbiota considered the most likely cause.

«Infancy is an important time in the development of the human microbiota and these studies provide evidence that early exposure to ant...

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